The Toronto Notes for Medical Students 2011 by Yingming Chen, Christopher Tran

By Yingming Chen, Christopher Tran

The Toronto Notes for clinical scholars: 2011 is an updated, concise and complete 1400 web page evaluate of 29 scientific specialties and sub-specialties. it really is revised every year through the college of Toronto graduating clinical classification less than the tips of major specialists in the college of medication. This e-book prepares graduating clinical scholars for the clinical Council of Canada Qualifying exam and the USMLE Step 2 CK.

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OECD. Health Data, 2008. org. org. ca. htm. Romanow, R. The Romanow Report: Royal Commission on the Future of Health Care in Canada. 2002. pdf. Shah CP. Public health and preventive medicine in Canada. 5th ed. Toronto: Elsevier Canada; 2003. p 357-360, 426. Reprinted by permission of Elsevier Canada, 2006. WHO. World Health Report 2005. int/whr/en. Woolhandler S, Campbell T, Himmelstein DU. Costs of Health Care Administration in the United States and Canada. NEJM 2003; 349:768-75. ELOAM21 ELOAM22  Toronto Notes 2011 Notes ____________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ A Anesthesia and Peri-Operative Medicine Alexander Huang, Lindsay MacKenzie and Pamela Lau, chapter editors Alaina Garbens and Modupe Oyewumi, associate editors Adam Gladwish, EBM editor Dr.

Breathing system disconnection, obstructed or malpositioned ETT, leaks in the anesthetic machine, loss of oxygen supply. g. atelectasis, pneumonia, pulmonary edema, pneumothorax. g. anemia, carbon monoxide poisoning, methemoglobinemia, hemoglobinopathy. g. hypothermia, decreased 2,3-DPG, alkalosis, hypocarbia, carbon monoxide poisoning. g. g. g. thyrotoxicosis) • malignant hyperthermia (see Uncommon Complications, A24) • over-zealous warming efforts Heart Rate Causes of Intraoperative Tachycardia • confirm it is sinus tachycardia vs.

6 Intravenous Agents Volatile Inhalational Agents Muscle Relaxants and Reversing Agents Local Anesthesia. . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Local Anesthetic Agents Local Infiltration, Hematoma Blocks Topical Anesthetics Obstetrical Anesthesia . . . . . . . . . . 22 Pediatric Anesthesia . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Uncommon Complications. . . . . . . . 24 Malignant Hyperthermia (MH) Common Medications. . . . . . . . . . 25 Intravenous Induction Agents Opioids Volatile Inhalational Agents Depolarizing Muscle Relaxants Non-Depolarizing Muscle Relaxants Reversal Agents for Non-Depolarizing Relaxants Local Anesthetic Agents References .

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