By Ilan Kelman
When an earthquake hits a conflict quarter or cyclone reduction is flown in through an enemy, many ask: Can disaster deliver peace? catastrophe prevention and mitigation supply comparable questions. may possibly establishing a flood caution procedure carry enemy international locations jointly? may a local earthquake construction code set the basis for wider neighborhood cooperation?
This ebook examines how and why disaster-related actions do and don't create peace and decrease clash. Disaster-related actions discuss with activities prior to a catastrophe equivalent to prevention and mitigation besides activities after a catastrophe similar to emergency reaction, humanitarian aid, and reconstruction. This quantity investigates catastrophe international relations case experiences from all over the world, in quite a few political and catastrophe situations, from earthquakes in Greece and Turkey affecting those neighbours’ bilateral family members to volcanoes and typhoons influencing intra-state clash within the Philippines. Dictatorships are among the case stories, reminiscent of Cuba and Burma, besides democracies reminiscent of the united states and India. No facts is located to signify that catastrophe international relations is a sought after think about clash answer. as a substitute, disaster-related actions usually effect peace techniques within the short-term―over weeks and months―provided non-disaster-related foundation already existed for the reconciliation. which may be mystery negotiations among the fighters or robust alternate or cultural hyperlinks. Over the long term, disaster-related impacts disappear, succumbing to elements resembling a management switch, the standard styles of political enmity, or trust that an historic criticism may still take priority over disaster-related bonds.
This is the 1st ebook on catastrophe international relations. Disaster-politics interactions were studied for many years, yet frequently from a particular political framing, overlaying a selected geographical quarter, or from a selected catastrophe framing. to boot, lots of quantitative paintings has been accomplished, but the knowledge boundaries are infrequently admitted brazenly or completely analysed. Few courses assemble the themes of mess ups and politics by way of a catastrophe international relations framework, yielding a grounded, qualitative, clinical standpoint at the subject.
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Additional info for Disaster Diplomacy: How Disasters Affect Peace and Conflict
Both sides also had a propaganda opportunity that could be used for their own people. Ethiopia could show Eritrea to be heartless in interfering with a ‘working’ aid delivery system, thereby justifying Ethiopia’s need to ﬁght. Eritrea could suggest that there is no point in negotiating with an enemy that starves its own people rather than accepting eﬃcient aid delivery. Such approaches have many precedents. Food aid is used as a weapon of war, both psychologically and physically (McCorkindale, 1994).
Zarif, still Iran’s ambassador to the UN, explained that ‘Iran did not refuse the help but said we can handle it domestically’. Domestic capability to deal with a disaster is indeed a factor that would preclude disaster-diplomacy opportunities. In this instance, aid from Algeria, Australia, China, Japan, the United Arab Emirates, and several international organisations was accepted by Iran to deal with the earthquake. That implies that either the disaster could not be dealt with internally or that Iran had political reasons for accepting the aid even if that aid was not needed.
That was complicated by North Korea’s ambiguity regarding halting its nuclear programme, various military exercises by the diﬀerent sides, defections, and food shortages in North Korea in parallel with a lack of donations from the international community. On 26 March 2010, North Korea sunk a South Korean navy ship, killing 46 South Koreans and signiﬁcantly ramping up tensions in the region. Some minor disaster diplomacy related incidents occurred throughout this time period. In June 2002, North Korea proactively informed South Korea about plans to control water levels at a dam which South Korea had suggested could break, leading to cross-border ﬂooding.