Counterfeit Integrated Circuits: Detection and Avoidance by Mark M. Tehranipoor, Ujjwal Guin, Domenic Forte

By Mark M. Tehranipoor, Ujjwal Guin, Domenic Forte

This well timed and exhaustive examine bargains a much-needed exam of the scope and results of the digital counterfeit exchange. The authors describe a number of shortcomings and vulnerabilities within the digital part provide chain, which may end up in counterfeit built-in circuits (ICs). not just does this booklet supply an evaluation of the present counterfeiting difficulties dealing with either the private and non-private sectors, it additionally deals useful, real-world strategies for combatting this gigantic threat.

· is helping rookies and practitioners within the box by means of supplying a entire history at the counterfeiting problem;

· provides cutting edge taxonomies for counterfeit forms, attempt equipment, and counterfeit defects, which permits for a close research of counterfeiting and its mitigation;

· presents step by step suggestions for detecting kinds of counterfeit ICs;

· deals pragmatic and practice-oriented, real looking options to counterfeit IC detection and avoidance, for and government.

From the again Cover

This well timed and exhaustive research deals a much-needed exam of the scope and outcomes of the digital counterfeit exchange. The authors describe a number of shortcomings and vulnerabilities within the digital part offer chain, which may end up in counterfeit built-in circuits (ICs). not just does this ebook supply an evaluation of the present counterfeiting difficulties dealing with either the private and non-private sectors, it additionally bargains sensible, real-world ideas for combatting this colossal threat.

· is helping rookies and practitioners within the box by means of supplying a finished history at the counterfeiting problem;

· offers cutting edge taxonomies for counterfeit forms, attempt equipment, and counterfeit defects, which permits for a close research of counterfeiting and its mitigation;

· offers step by step strategies for detecting kinds of counterfeit ICs;

· deals pragmatic and practice-oriented, sensible suggestions to counterfeit IC detection and avoidance, for and government.

About the Author

Mark (Mohammad) Tehranipoor is presently the Charles H. Knapp affiliate Professor of electric and computing device Engineering division on the college of Connecticut.

His present learn initiatives contain: computer-aided layout and try out for CMOS VLSI designs, defense and belief, counterfeit IC detection and prevention, and trustworthy platforms layout at nanoscale. Prof. Tehranipoor has released over two hundred magazine articles and refereed convention papers and has given greater than one hundred twenty five invited talks and keynote addresses for the reason that 2006. moreover, he has released 5 books and ten booklet chapters. His initiatives are backed by means of either the (SRC, Texas tools, Freescale, Comcast, Honeywell, LSI, Mentor images, Cisco, Qualcomm, MediaTeck, etc.) and executive (NSF, ARO, MDA, DOD, DOE, etc.).

He is a recipient of numerous top paper awards, the 2008 IEEE computing device Society (CS) Meritorious provider Award, the 2012 IEEE CS remarkable Contribution, the 2010 IEEE CS such a lot profitable Technical occasion for co-founding and chairing HOST Symposium, the 2009 NSF occupation Award, the 2009 UConn ECE examine Excellence Award, and the 2012 UConn SOE impressive school consultant Award.

He serves at the software committee of greater than a dozen top meetings and workshops. Prof. Tehranipoor served because the visitor editor for JETTA, IEEE layout and attempt of desktops, and IEEE desktop Society Computing Now. He served as software Chair of the 2007 IEEE Defect-Based trying out (DBT) workshop, application Chair of the 2008 IEEE disorder and knowledge pushed checking out (D3T) workshop, Co-program Chair of the 2008 overseas Symposium on disorder and Fault Tolerance in VLSI platforms (DFTS), normal Chair for D3T-2009 and DFTS-2009, and Vice-general Chair for NATW-2011.

He co-founded a brand new symposium referred to as IEEE overseas Symposium on Hardware-Oriented safety and belief (HOST) ()http://www.engr.uconn.edu/HOST/) and served as HOST-2008 and HOST-2009 basic Chair and proceed to function Chair of guidance Committee for HOST. he's additionally a co-founder of Trust-Hub (www.trust-hub.org). he's at present serving because the affiliate Editor-in-Chief (EIC) for IEEE layout and try out of pcs, an affiliate Editor for JETTA, an affiliate Editor for magazine of Low strength Electronics (JOLPE), an affiliate Editor for ACM Transactions for layout Automation of digital platforms (TODAES), an IEEE uncommon Speaker, and an ACM distinct Speaker.

Prof. Tehranipoor is a Senior Member of the IEEE, Golden middle Member of IEEE computing device Society, and Member of ACM and ACM SIGDA.

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Scanning electron microscope (SEM) or transmission electron microscope (TEM) are commonly used to take images of each layer of a component after delayering. An automated software can be used to stitch the images together to form a complete structure. For example, ICWorks Extractor from Chipworks Inc. (Ottawa, Canada) has the capability to form a 3D structure by combining all the images from the internal layers of a chip [16]. Cloning can also occur by unauthorized knowledge transfer from a person with access to the part’s design.

Automotive and industrial sectors involve critical systems and, thus, the appearance of unreliable counterfeit components in these applications is quite alarming. S. dollars) [15] Part type Analog IC Microprocessor IC Memory IC Programmable logic IC Transistor Industrial (%) 14 4 3 30 22 Automotive (%) 17 1 2 3 12 Consumer (%) 21 4 13 14 25 Wireless (%) 29 2 26 18 8 Wired (%) 6 3 2 25 10 Compute (%) 14 85 53 11 22 Other (%) 0 0 1 0 0 concern for consumer applications where we are increasing becoming more reliant on electronic devices for computing, communication, online banking, handling personal data, etc.

2 Fabrication As discussed above, today’s integrated circuits are manufactured in fabrication facilities (fabs) located all around the world due to the high costs associated with owning and maintaining new fabs. Design houses go into contract with foundries to fabricate their designs, the design houses disclose the details of their IPs, and they also pay for mask-building costs based on their designs. The contract agreement between the foundry and design house is protected by IP rights [44]. However, this horizontal business model creates a trust issue between the design house and the foundry.

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