By Sven Eliaeson, Lyudmila Harutyunyan, Larissa Titarenko
The break-up of the Soviet Union is a key occasion of the 20th century. The thirty ninth IIS congress in Yerevan 2009 taken with factors and results of this occasion and on shifts on this planet order that in its wake. This quantity is an attempt to chart those advancements in empirical and conceptual phrases. It has a spotlight at the lands of the previous Soviet Union but additionally explores pathways and contexts within the moment global at huge. The Soviet Union used to be an entire scale scan in developing an alternate modernity. The implosion of this union gave upward push to new states looking for nationwide id. At a time whilst a few observers heralded the tip of background, there has been a rediscovery of ancient legacies and a look for new paths of improvement around the former moment global. In a few elements of this international long-repressed legacies have been rediscovered. They have been occasionally, as with regards to international locations in East valuable Europe, outfitted round stories of parliamentary democracy and its alternative via authoritarian rule through the interwar interval. a few legacies said efforts at setting up statehood within the wake of the 1st global struggle, others to nationwide upheavals within the 19th century and previous. In significant Asia and plenty of components of the Caucasus the cultural background of Islam in its diversified forms gave upward thrust to new markers of identification but in addition to violent contestations. In South Caucasus, Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan have embarked upon highly various, yet always contingent, paths of improvement. Analogously center elements of the outdated union have passed through tumultuous, yet till the final 12 months and a part mostly cold, alterations. The crystallization of divergent paths of improvement within the biggest republics of that union, i.e. Russia and Ukraine, has ushered in divergent nationwide imaginations but additionally in sequence of bloody confrontations.
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Additional info for After the Soviet Empire: Legacies and Pathways
G. resources of oil and gas. Processes used in the course of regaining such control to the centre from the hands of alternative oligarchic elites have involved means of enforcement and imprisonment. Fourthly, in most former republics the political centre has, with varying success, tried to create legitimacy and cultural-ideological resources through processes involving efforts to revitalize or rather (re)create. Such efforts have drawn on the realms of linguistics, folklore, religion, and many others.
To this day the historical belonging of some territories to Armenia or Azerbaijan is disputable, because both ethnic groups have lived close to each other. Therefore, the issue of identity is also a symbolic one and problematic. The fact that Christian and Muslim groups have coexisted in the same territory (like in case of Nagorno-Karabach) has added a lot to this sharp issue. In all cases, geography plays a subordinated role to geopolitics. Thus, the author mentioned the debates concerning “Georgia belonging to European Civilization” as an example of such political play.
Armenia has few natural resources. However, as the example of Switzerland shows, the human capital is more important than natural resources, just as Adam Smith taught us. Challenges Of The Disappearance Of The “second World” 15 The text by Lyudmila Harutyunyan and Maria Zaslavskaja, “After the Empire: Migration in Post-Soviet Space,” elucidate Armenia’s cumbersome predicament. Their contribution explains the cumulative causes, “state of affairs” and consequences of the post-imperial movement of the population.