A History of Indian Buddhism: From Sakyamuni to Early by Akira Hirakawa (Autor), Paul Groner (Translator)

By Akira Hirakawa (Autor), Paul Groner (Translator)

The ebook, the summation of a life of learn on Indian Buddhism, is a really entire dialogue of Indian Buddhism. The textual content provides the debates of Indian Buddhism that experience happened within the jap educational group and emphasizes matters that experience usually been handled merely in passing in India and the West. eventually, the e-book contains a bibliography which gives a large glance of the learn.

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Initially, the Sri L a n k a n chronicles w ould seem to be the su p e rio r source because o f their detailed lists o f kings a n d the n u m b e r o f years each reigned T h e sources o f the N o rth e rn tra d itio n seem w e ak er because they state only th at m ore th an one h u n d r e d years elapsed be (ween the d e a th o f the B u d d h a a n d rhe accession o f A snka, wirhour lisiing the n a m e s o f kings a n d the n u m b e r o f years they reigned. H o w ev er, the Sri L a n k a n tra d i­ tion iisrs only five kings as reig n in g for a period o f m o re th an twn c e n tu ­ ries, It also includes a lineage o f five m a ste rs o f the vinaya b etw een the tim e o f S a k y a m u n i a n d ASoka: U pali, D asaka, S o n a k a , Siggava, an d M u g g alip u tia T issa.

A ccording to G o sa llp u tra , a personas rise o r fa)) in the world was d e te rm in e d by fate, not by his actions. H is followers w ere tailed ihe Ajlvaka* (Ajivikas). T h e term “ Ajrvilta1’ is tra n sla te d in C h in ese Huddhiflt Texts as ,ca h etero do x religion (whose m e m b e rs lead) an evil life” (hsith-ming wai-tao)^ how ever, the In d ia n te rm probably m e a n t " th o s e w ho follow a strict m ode o f lifer' h referrin g 10 the severe austerities p e r ­ form ed by the Ajivika followers.

H e chose a spot n ear the village at U ru v ilv a-sen an i on the N airanj a n a R iv e r w here he u n d e rw e n t disciplines such as constantly clenching his teeth a n d pressing his to n g u e against his palate. O n ly th rou g h a strong act o f will co uld he o v erco m e the p ain such practices entailed. O n c e he en tered a trance a n d stopped all b re a th front passing th ro u g h his m o u th a n d nose, b u t then is said to have b eg un b r e a th in g th ro u g h E n lig h te n m e n t A lth o u g h S a k y a m u n i h ad ceased his ascetic practices, his b o d y was so em a c ia te d th a t h e th o u g h t ii w ould he difficult to attain the bliss o f even th e Kirst T ra n c e .

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