By Bert Roest
The historical past of schooling in the Franciscan order throughout the medieval interval is gifted right here in a brand new mild. This entire quantity bargains a brand new synthesis of Franciscan schooling, displaying the dynamic improvement of the Franciscan tuition community, among the early 13th and the early 16th century.
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Additional resources for A History of Franciscan Education (c. 1210-1517)
For the difficulties in assessing the actual level of a Franciscan studium, see F. Rotolos attempts to pinpoint the status of the studium of Palermo in the fourteenth and the fifteenth century. ROTOLO, 1995, 19ff, 28-33. 120 TABULAE STUDIORUM (1467 & 1488), 519f. Many of these additional general schools would have been custodial or provincial schools with some interprovincial prestige. Di Fonzo estimates that in 1467 no less than 1318 new students were assigned to the various studia generalia (these included candidates for the lectorate program as well as candidates for the degree program), which amounts to 25-50 students for each province.
With Thomas of York and Richard Rufus of Cornwall we see the emergence of a tradition that friars first read the Sentences in Oxford and later in Paris, and subsequently became regent master in Oxford, frequently followed by a regency in Cambridge. The installment of Franciscan masters after 1247 did cause some problems. The university of Oxford normally would not allow regent masters of theology to be installed who had not ruled in the arts. Yet after the midthirteenth century many Franciscan candidates for the theology degree program would not have received an education in a university arts faculty.
88 The inclusion of the Franciscan study house in the theology faculty would have enhanced the status of the Cambridge school in the overall studia network, a fact reflected in the building of a new convent with a separate school house or auditorium in the 1260s and 1270s (on the site now occupied by Sidney Sussex College). Throughout the Middle Ages (until the dispersion of the mendicants by Henry VIII after 1538), the auditorium housed the Franciscan university chair of theology. 89 Facilitated by the new building and the enhanced status of the studium generale, both convent and school grew significantly.