A Democratic Audit of the European Union by Christopher Lord (auth.)

By Christopher Lord (auth.)

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For example, both the proposals for referendums mentioned earlier presuppose a representative process that would be complemented in the one case (by an additional opportunity for agenda-setting that does not depend on representatives) and counterbalanced in the other (by an opportunity to contest the decisions of representatives). In contrast, the majoritarian/consensus distinction might seem to be the key fault line in the debate on how the EU ought to be made democratic (Katz, 2001). Yet, even that is probably a misunderstanding.

A high level of generality in order to maintain a clear overview of the main contours of the analysis that will follow in the rest of the book. Individual chapters will flesh the twelve tests out and provide further justification for them. Units of assessment The previous section proposed that a democratic audit should appraise the EU using indices derived from two distinct standards of consensus democracy: a modified form of consociationalism and a form of divided government based on the concurrent consent of different kinds of majority.

Cross-border problems’ of their nature divide actors not just by nationality but by attitude to such questions as market regulation, management of migration flows, or control of pollution. 1 operationalises modified consociationalism and concurrent consent respectively as Democratic Audit tests corresponding to different democratic values. 1 European Union Democratic Audit (EUDA) tests Democratic values Modified consociationalism Concurrent consent Citizenship 1. How far does the EU 7. How far is there an agreed respect the autonomy democratic citizenship at EU of national practices of level and how able are individuals democratic citizenship?

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